Tests & Diagnosis

 

toradol quando si usa There are various procedures and tests that are used in order to diagnose cancer of the thyroid gland. These procedures and tests include:

Physical exam. First, your physician will look at your thyroid gland for physical changes. Your physician will also ask about certain risk factors such as:  whether or not your family has a history of tumors in the thyroid, and if you have had any radiation exposure that has gone far beyond a normal limit.

Serum thyroglobulin level tests. These particular tests examine and investigate, in order to find out if the patient has cancer.

Blood tests. These blood tests can help decide if the thyroid gland is working properly.

Removal of a sample of tissue from the thyroid. If you have a lump or nodule in your neck that could be associated with cancer of the thyroid, your doctor may choose to do a thyroid gland biopsy. This is a procedure in which a needle is used to remove a small piece of tissue from the thyroid, and it is tested. This is done in order to check for cells that may be cancerous.

Imaging tests. Multiple imaging tests may be done in order to help your physician decide whether or not your cancer has expanded beyond the thyroid gland. These tests may include, PET scans, or positron emission tomography scans, CT scans, which are computerized tomography scans, or ultrasound.

Genetic testing. Individuals with medullary thyroid cancer may have genetic alterations. This can also be connected to additional endocrine cancers. Genetic testing may be done in order to search for genes that may maximize your chances of getting cancer. This testing may be recommended by your physician, depending on your family history.